Starbucks love/hate: love the community ambiance, hate the waste

I don't even remember when I walked into a Starbucks for the first time. It was years ago. Probably in Dallas, Manhattan (above: SoHo), or Seattle's Pike Place Market, the location of the very first Starbucks. I like the consistency of the drinks, the feeling of community among fellow coffee addicts, and the ambiance and interiors of the stores. I often take my laptop and sit and get work done (I'm typing this now while sitting inside a Starbucks). I enjoy the action, the music, watching the people, and the notion of writing and hanging out in a coffee shop - like the Cafe Society in Paris in the early 1900s.

What Starbucks does well
Market/sell coffee and a variety of hot and cold drinks.
Provide a clean coffee drinking environment.
Stay current with music, technology, and seasonal specialties.
Serve pastries and food that are usually very good.


What Starbucks does poorly
Very few of the stores I've been in can get the interior layout right. The fixins counters are in awkward places, there are often too many retail islands of merchandise, and there are not enough tables and chairs.
Lots of stuff is wasted at a Starbucks. I have witnessed numerous people walk from the pickup counter to the trash and throw away the lid. They put a lid on every drink. Even when I order an iced coffee. In Edmond, as the barista was about to put the lid on, I said "I don't need a lid". She stated that she had to put a lid on it. I mentioned it was an iced drink. She tried to convince me that the coffee was very hot when she put it in the cup, therefore a lid. I pointed out that there was now ice floating in the cup - that coffee had apparently cooled off quite a bit and I was only transporting that cup of coffee about 4 feet to a table. She was insistent - that cup had to have a lid on it. This also happened in Manhattan when I ordered an Iced Coffee. This barista argued that he couldn't let a drink leave the counter without a lid. I asked him if he really thought I might hurt myself on an ice cube. He indignantly took off the lid and threw it in the trash. That lid provided no value to the company, the consumer, or society; and it defied any thought of "Environmental Stewardship".

Now a lid on a coffee that is to go makes sense. Let me explain why a lid on every drink is ridiculous. For coffee consumed in the store, the lifespan of the lid is about 4 seconds. It lives its entire useful life from being put on the coffee until I take it off within a few feet at the fixins counter. But look what that lid has gone through: raw materials shipped to a manufacturing plant, the manufacturing process, transportation to a storage facility, storage in a warehouse, shipped to individual Starbucks locations, checked in and stored in the retail store, set out in columns at the coffee prep area. Then it lives its entire 4 second life. Then removed and put in the trash, bagged up and set out for pickup, pickup by the local community garbage collectors, and, finally, shipped to a landfill where it languishes for decades. It doesn't seem worth the effort, expense, materials, personnel, and hassle for such a short useful life. In a sense, it never had a useful life - there was never any need for me to have my coffee covered while I walk 4-8 feet. I am amazed at how many perfectly good lids I see inside every trash can in every Starbucks I've been in.

To address this waste, I called the Starbucks home office to verify that the barista is required to put a lid on each cup. I realize that the policy probably stems from that lady whose hot coffee from McDonald's burned her while in her car. Starbucks, like most of corporate America, is litigation fearful. The person I talked to said it was not a corporate policy - that it is up to the discretion of each barista. I have begun to request no lid, but I still get the excuse that it's a "corporate policy, sorry, there's nothing I can do." What makes this more ridiculous is that Starbucks prides itself on being environmentally conscious. Starbucks interior decor includes these statements: "To minimizing our environmental footprint" and "Environmental Stewardship":

The solution is simple - have the baristas ask: "Would you like a lid on that?" This could happen at the register and a code marked on the cup or it could happen at the pickup counter as the barista reaches for a lid. While it is an additional task for the barista (although offset by deleting the lidding task on many drinks), it leaves the decision and responsibility up to the customer, where it ought to be. And it will save materials, minimize the amount of trash, and keep more plastic out of landfills.

Note: To minimize the waste from unnecessary lids, double cups, and sleeves, I now simply take my own insulated mug with me. Problem solved. After finishing my coffee, I rinse out the cup in the restroom and place it back in my car or backpack - ready for the next visit. Also, when I get coffee at a place where the urns are out for the customer (like at coffee bars, Borders & Noble, convenience stores, and Panera) I put the sweetener and cream in an empty cup and then add the coffee. The coffee swirling into the cup mixes the sweetener and cream so there is no need to use (and waste) a stir stick.

Making the Starbucks app better: 4 pages into 1

The user taps PAY on the black home screen - a new page opens and the user must tap PAY again to get to another page with the code for scanning at the register. Notice how much wasted space is on each screen above. The 4 pages can easily fit onto one page. Below: A better way: all the same info, with less tapping and seeking. All the pay tasks are on one screen. Easier to understand, easier to use, and quicker to access. Those are the 3 main objectives of good app design. More on app design


The great creamer battle between the two Women with Flowing Hair.

Which is the better cream container?

On the left is an intuitive stopper on the cream canister - the handle jutting out says 'press me'. On the right, the screw cap might say 'turn me' but how far? Is it already open? If I turn it will the cap come off and spill the contents? Which way do I turn it?
Okay, that is just too many questions. And I probly shouldn't ask them out loud while standing at the fixins stand. One can operate the one on the left with one hand while the one on the right requires two - one to hold the canister and the other to turn the cap. Also notice the labels on the canisters. One is designed to enhance the graphics and decor of the restaurant, the other looks like tape from a labelmaker. Photos were shot at Panera and Starbucks in 2011.

Some Barnes & Noble Starbucks in New York City are using these creamers with the handle and lever - much better. Now, Starbucks needs to invest in some custom-made vinyl stickers that convey the contents and fit the new design motif of their stores.  Above right: another way to solve the problem.

Ways to make Starbucks better
Design a simpler app - see details above.
Design, build, and install new 'Fixins counters' that are dual use - that is, that two people can access the condiments at the same time without intruding on each other. Most fixins counters are single use only. The layout can be more efficient with compartments for the items so that the new two-person unit would not take up much more space than the one-person unit.
Offer, but don't require, a lid on every cup (see above).
Recycle more. Lots of trash in the cans is recyclable - napkins, paper bags, and newspapers. Starbucks could put into practice what they preach on their website about 'Social Responsibility' by providing recycle bins. Design receptacles with compartments: paper, bottles, trash.
Reorganize the retail displays. Some Starbucks feel like stores rather than coffee houses. There's a maze of baskets, racks, shelves of CDs, mugs, coffeemakers, etc. to wade through just to get a cup of coffee. Sure, the displays in the way increase impulse sales, but they detract from the experience a bit too much. Group much of the retail into a section for those that are shopping (leave some for impulse purchases).
More tables and chairs. While it may crowd some of the stores, most stores have the room and the need to accommodate more people. Especially now that some stores provide free wireless services. Commission new tables that are squound and have a larger work surface.
Encourage reusable ceramic cups. Sell cups more cheaply than in stores. See them as a community service, not a profit center.

Responses from Starbucks
July 15 2016: We always want to hear what you think would improve your experience with Starbucks. I appreciate you letting me know how much customers would enjoy this. Please accept my assurances that your comments are valuable to us and have been shared with the appropriate team. If you ever have any questions or concerns in the future, please visit us at CustomerService.Starbucks.com.
March 21 2017: Thank you for contacting Starbucks Coffee Company. I hope that this email finds you well. We sincerely appreciate your desire to present your suggestions on how to improvement (sic) our app. Unfortunately, at this time we do not accept unsolicited business ideas or proposals and we are unable to respond to requests to link to third party Web sites. If you ever have any questions or concerns in the future, please visit us at CustomerService.Starbucks.com.

www.jamesrobertwatson.com/starbucks.html