The USA needs to have a thorough discussion on how to minimize unnecessary gun deaths. But, there are 2 things standing in the way of such a discussion -
1. The NRA lobby has bribed politicians who, for the sake of money, choose not to be objective, and
2. We don't have enough information - Congress, backed by the NRA, banned the CDC from conducting research into unnecessary gun deaths.

What we can and should do
Acknowledge that the 2nd Amendment was written in a much different time and place. Considering technology, terrorism, gun manufacturing, and other factors that didn't exist in the 1780s, it is an absurd stretch to use it to justify excessive guns today. File a lawsuit and get the Supreme Court to interpret and assess the Amendment and define well regulated, militia, and arms.
Do not vote for any sitting or potential Congressperson whose campaign has accepted any money from the NRA. Info. More info. We citizens can take the power away from that lobbying group.
Pressure Congress to lift the federal ban on gun violence research. Then, encourage and fund research into gun deaths, gun culture, and gun control. Info. Encourage study - put good minds to work analyzing issues, and needs.
Support efforts - based on research, reason, and compassion - to minimize unnecessary gun deaths. Option: require gun purchasers to buy an insurance policy of liability. More.

This group should consider these issues:
It is relatively easy to get guns in America.
Politicians priority that corporations make money.

After a mass shooting in Orlando, Florida, Congress voted down money for the CDC to research gun violence - just to conduct research, to learn more, not legislate. These are many of the same people who are not willing to ban automatic assault rifles.
We Americans promote a culture of violence: kids learn to kill to succeed and be somebody, tv cop shows, action movies, 24 hour news, laser tag. “Violence is part of America's DNA - America was born in the bloodshed of the Revolution, and its always had “fervent faith in the purifying value of guns, ropes, and bombs.” Founded on the mass slaughter of Native Americans and the sweat of slaves dragged here in chains and whipped into subservience, we've endured a Civil War that cost more than 600,000 lives, and countless race riots, racial murders, and politically motivated bombings. Four of our presidents were assassinated, and many more survived thwarted attempts." Steve Chapman, Chicago Tribune.
The USA is a very religious country - religion teaches exclusivity - those who don't believe as you do are sinners and will suffer for all eternity in hell. Some religions teach bigotry against entire groups of people. Many of us use prayer instead of doing something (and we pray to the same god who chose not to intervene in shootings and just watches as his children are brutally murdered.) Orlando shooter's father told NBC News, "This has nothing to do with religion." He says his son became angry after seeing 2 men kissing a few months ago in Miami, and he speculates that could have triggered his decision to kill. And why would he become angry after seeing 2 men kissing? Religion.
The USA has an increasing large and vocal uneducated populace of non-thinkers. Easily manipulated through propaganda lies and repetition. FoxNews and religion use that to control. Many of these people have an attitude of superiority, arrogance, and exceptionalism (the USA is the greatest country in the world - it's certainly not but a lot of ignorant people believe that it is.)
The USA has the largest military of any country at any time in history. We taxpayers pay for the massive purchase of guns and firepower. We pay to train young men to kill. From a Vietnam vet: Please don't thank me for my "service". I was in the military, not the "service". Service is doing something good. Service is what the person does who fixes your car. When the word 'service" is applied to the military, it helps to justify violence as a method for conflict resolution. Like "defending our freedom” or "bringing democracy", the word "service" is used to lower the barriers of aggression. The military solution to conflict is death and destruction. That's not "service" Call it what it is - the military. If you have to hurt someone to solve a problem, you are the problem.
The USA is a culture of being the biggest bully in the history of the universe. Americans pay for military bases all over the world. The USA attacks countries unprovoked (in the name of security). The USA uses torture on it's political prisoners. We invaded and killed innocent citizens in other countries. Of course, they're pissed off at us. Yes, they'll try to retaliate and seek revenge. It is our fault. And we can change that. But, I doubt we will. Some wisdom from Ali Tatmaj in Siyasat-e Ruz, Iran:
America is reaping the consequences of the violence it has encouraged around the world. The country that has exported terrorism to so many Muslim nations, and supported terrorist groups in so many forms, has just experienced another deadly attack on its own soil, the worst since 9/11. The American man who opened fire in a gay nightclub in Orlando, killing 49 people, had once been on an FBI terrorist watch list. Yet the shooter was still able to purchase weapons legally, because the US is dominated by a culture of guns that is entirely “aimed at meeting the interests of the weapons manufacturers.” Americans buy and own more guns than anyone else on earth, and unsurprisingly, the US has a higher rate of firearm homicides than any other nation in the world.

Very few Americans are truly innocent of contributing to the gun and violence culture that is America. And there will be many more deaths and heartache - it's an integral part of our American culture.

Time is of the essence. The next slaughter of school children is approaching.

Advertising exaggeration

At Walmart, on the shelf were 6 options of Degree deodorant - look at the names of the options. Who wouldn't want an Extreme deodorant? Or one that works Overtime? And a product that can help with Stress Control? Sign me up.
What do these names mean? Sounds like ad copy bullshit. So, I asked the Walmart employee restocking products - she said they referred to the different scents. I asked her "What does Extreme smell like? Is it an overbearing odor?" "When someone works Overtime, don't they start to stink? Why would I wear that?" "Sport Defense?" She smiled feebly and I walked away - she had no idea what the names meant. Nor did I.
I want their best formula deodorant. That's all - just 1 product. Maybe 2 or 3 if they have very clear scent descriptions, like fried bacon or maple glazed donut. Or, maybe Extreme4 Maple Glaze Bacon.

This is becoming quite common - the number of soda flavors available, the number of items (200?) in the Cheesecake Factory menu, and everywhere else you look in the grocery aisles. What do they know - does overwhelming the consumer pay off in increased sales? Are we impressed to the point of wanting to purchase more?

Notice how many Oreo options are available - 22 different varieties of the Oreo Cookie. When I was a kid there were 2 options - Oreo and Oreo dipped in milk.

But, they didn't offer my new favorite - the Oreo Sample Pack - a variety of new flavors so I can try several to determine my favorites.

How much is a billion?

It takes 12 days for a million seconds to pass. A billion seconds takes almost 32 years.

What's the primary source of global conflict today?

Spiritual beliefs create an inherent "us vs. them" scenario, experts say.
"When societies divide, they generally divide along tribal lines. People are seeing themselves as irretrievably different from their neighbors," says Sam Harris, a neuroscientist and philosopher who has published books on Islam and the conflict between religion and science.
The divisions created by religion are deeper and potentially more harmful than those formed through other aspects of identity such as race, nationality or political affiliations because they confront individuals with differing opinions on the ultimate purpose of life, experts say. And more than 80% of those surveyed said that religious beliefs guide a person's behavior.
Religion often becomes the master variable,” Harris says. "It provides a unique reward structure. If you believe that the thoughts you harbor in this life and the doctrines you adhere to spell the difference between an eternity spent in fire or one spent on the right hand of God, that raises the stakes beyond any other reward structure on earth." This is why so many atheists fight against religion - because religion is both wrong and powerful. It ruins lives. Because so many people take their religious beliefs so seriously, and because they can never be disproven, the only way to resolve certain conflicts is through violence, not reason.
And God is always on the side of the winners, no matter what they believe, which only makes the problem worse.
- The survey included responses from 21,000 people around the world. Read more January 2018

Reader Jason from the Washington DC area submitted this logo - he commented that it just had too much going on. It is the identity for the campaign for Mayor of Phoenix.
Better version below - simpler, clearer, more memorable. There is one memorable image and text.
• The image of the bird is tucked around the text for a better connection and relationship.
• Rise Together (in a sloppy inappropriate font) has been deleted. This slogan can be used in ads and posters.
• For Phoenix is smaller to allow Sarwark to be more prominent. Sarwark is the single most important word to be remembered.

Great idea for prepping daily pills
One of the lifestyle changes one makes upon aging is that the pile of pills taken each day grows to the point of needing some weekly or monthly pill boxes. I take about 10 pills each day - 3 in the morning and the rest with dinner. Soon after I began this new routine, I wished for a service from a drug company in which the customer would submit all pills taken with frequency and dosage. The drug company would then formulate a single pill with all of the necessary ingredients. This one pill would then eliminate the need for numerous pill bottles and pill planners. But, I suspect there are too many regulations and drug ownerships to make the idea feasible.

In late 2017, I ran across the system below, an automated compliance strip packaging system, which packages all of a person's prescription and nonprescription medications together in perforated pouches for each time of the day - in sequential order, and each package individually labeled. On Saturday morning you'd tear off the 8a package containing all the necessary pills.

“This system increases compliance, decreases trips to the pharmacy and increases the likelihood that you are getting all the medications you need for the month,” Pharmacist Scott Evans said.
• It eliminates having to go sort through 10 or 12 bottles while filling a med planner each week.
• It takes the guesswork out of which tablet goes where.
• The medications are synchronized so they can all be refilled at the same time each month.
• The packaging makes for easier traveling - each package meets all labeling requirements and one has to pack only the amount for the time traveling.
Below: another option for the same concept.

A pill box system with visual reminders
Below is the system I currently use to organize and simplify which pills to take at which time of the day. I wanted to make it better than just conveying what day to take. I rearranged the daily boxes in the holder tray so that their position communicated visual clues for the status of the pills - taken already or not yet taken. When the tray is positioned on the shelf, the sightline shows the full box with the label facing dead-on to the viewer, the half full position moves the label away at an angle, and the empty position places the label in a tough to see horizontal position.
Concept: rotate the boxes within the base to convey different statuses of the contents. Visual reminders of pills taken so far that day.

Left to right:
• Monday morning: All boxes full, labels facing user.
• Friday morning: Mon-Thurs boxes empty, Friday-Sunday boxes full.
• Friday afternoon: Mon-Thurs boxes empty, Friday morning pills taken - box rotated halfway up to show half empty.
• Saturday morning: Friday box empty, box rotated up all the way, label away from user.
• Sunday night: All boxes empty.

My guide to what layers to wear when going outside

And Ea Wy
Target discontinued its Merona label and much of its Mossimo line to make room for a series of new in-house brands. Launched in August, A New Day features apparel, shoes, and accessories, all priced under $50; and size inclusive - from XS to 4X.
Below left: Reader Mitch submitted this store graphic as an example of poor typographic layout. Although almost all of us will read the word and across the top - the designers meant for us to read down in columns, not across in rows. But,
1. We are accustomed to reading left to right, then top to bottom.
2. The dots in the first line help guide us to read across that line as a•n•d.
3. The word and in the top line is a very familiar word that we focus on immediately and unconsciously.

Confusing part: what is gained in readability, memorability, or comprehension by setting the words in columns? When set in rows (right) it reads better and nothing is lost in the design and layout. The reader should be encouraged to focus on the clothes and the Target brand, not on an unusual and poor way of arranging type.

Lesson: Make design decisions through the eyes of the reader/user, not the client or designer. Empathize.

The difficult solution to Trump, Trump supporters, the NRA, Far Right/Far Left,
Evangelical Christians & Muslims, and almost all other ills in the USA:

Untitled (Think/flag), 1967, by William N. Copley (1919-1996). And a smaller sticker version.

Please be skeptical of advertising copywriters

Note the line that catches your eye - 3 Simple Ingredients. That's pretty cool. Not a lot of junk.
Wait, a closer look - It starts with 3 Simple Ingredients. Whoa, there could be many more, including junk. Note that starts with is set in a smaller point size and all lower case - like they're trying to sneak it by us without getting noticed.

Saw this logo on the left for a radio station in NYC (natch). It just didn't sit right - there were some elements nagging. The underline beneath the W didn't match the columns of the other letters and the stagger was abrupt from the W to the N. I got the concept immediately - a row of sound level bars that emphasize the NYC and set them as a unit distinct from the W.
In my head, I saw a taller box under the W and some tweaking of the other columns. The W sitting right on top of a red box, the N centered in the top of another box, the Y breaking the top edge and seeping its contents out into space.
When I checked online for other variations of the logo - there was the logo in a red square - it confirmed the decision to put the W atop a square. It was consistent and now made more sense.
The improved version has a bit more logic and more eccentricities to help aid memorability.

If you can't treat someone with dignity and respect, then get out.
US Air Force Academy Preparatory School Superintendent Lt Gen Jay Silveria's advice to academy students.

Making this logo better was an easy one

Not often do we see a brand that just doesn't work. This is one of those. The dominant horizontal slabs, the font, and the kerning are all too clumsy and visually awkward. The thick and thin letterstrokes are a bit too extreme. Notice the white masses formed where two or more letters with thick vertical strokes are next to each other (like the MBL of Assembly).
Solution: simply replacing the font with a condensed sans serif helps convey the industrial heritage of the facility and improves the legibility and the readability. The notion of setting the text in a condensed sans serif comes from the Jones Assembly graphics program, examples below:

They have already established condensed sans serif as their 'corporate' brand type. It was an easy transition to use it in the brand. A major influence on the success of a brand is consistency of application. Jones Assembly uses so many condensed sans serif selections in their pieces that it is a short jump to add the logo to that mix.
Compare the existing and improved brands on a Jones webpage:

The improved version also resembles the 'hamburger' symbol that denotes a Menu on a webpage. Recognition of that common symbol on websites could evoke a connection to The Jones Assembly.
Info: The hamburger button (sometimes called options, hotdog, pancake) is a button placed in a top corner of a graphical user interface. The icon consists of 3 parallel horizontal lines, suggestive of a list, and is named for its resemblance to the layers in a hamburger, pancake, or a hotdog in a bun.

Tapping or clicking this button reveals a menu. The icon originated to save space on smaller devices - tablets and smartphones. On devices with even smaller screens, the wider hamburger button may be reduced to three vertically stacked dots (a tri-colon or vertical ellipsis) described as a kebab. The hamburger icon was designed by Norm Cox as part of the user interface for the Xerox Star workstation in 1981, and saw a resurgence in 2009 stemming from the limited screen area available to mobile apps.

A better text message layout

• Includes the day of the week.
• Each appt time info on a separate line.
• Places action info in text block at the bottom.
• No one needs to arrive an hour early.

Sling accessories
During the stay in the hospital for a total shoulder replacement, I boarded Brooklyn at her favorite dog daycare. After we got home from the hospital and had lunch, we went to pick her up. The next morning, I maintained the schedule of walking her each morning and evening. At first, I didn't have the energy and stamina to go very far, but, at least we got out and she (and I) could sniff the neighborhood. But, I couldn't reach my phone/computer in my right pants pocket. First, I put my phone in my left pocket, but it had to share space with the car key and a pen that I always carry. On one walk, I simply stuffed my phone in between the sling and my arm. Not bad, but I worried about it falling out. I then remembered that I had a a pouch with velcro on the back. It stuck easily to the outside of the sling and worked well as a carry-all. Then I realized I could also attach a cup holder to the flat top of the pillow on the inside of the sling. This had possibilities - it then became a design project.
Rest of the story and more info.

Stacking letters from familiar horizontal logos rarely works well.
Try reducing the logo to fit - stay true to the branding.

Design that tries to be 'cool' but fails as good design

The designer convinced the airline that a light font set in light grey on greybeige would be trendy and cool. No one thought to see it as the passenger would - it is tough to find and even tougher to read. I witnessed 2 people plop down in the wrong seat and numerous people pause to decipher their seat location. Remember, this is while boarding (usually after delays and airport chaos) and while the airline is desperately telling passengers to hurry up and find their seat. The design firm slowed down the boarding process because they failed to design from the user's point of view.

Another example of better kerning. I had to go the Aurarius website to verify that it wasn't supposed to be Aur Arius. More

The photo on the left is of a signboard in the WinterGarden atrium in the Brookfield Place (formerly the World Financial Center). It publicizes upcoming events on the monitor at the top of the unit. Okay, so far. But look at the sign added to the base - 'Please do not step or sit on base'. Bad design. Instead of a sign telling people what they cannot do, design the unit so there is no tempting seating area. Then, there is no need for a sign. The solution here is not about designing a better sign, its about designing better units - to be more respectful of their environment and more user-friendly.
Below: The OKC Museum of Art has instructed the gallery guards to warn visitors not to stand up on the base in this exhibit. Better: Don't build a base (which is unnecessary for the exhibit) that looks tempting to stand on.

Gruntled (the opposite of disgruntled) means pleased, satisfied, and contented.

Military recognizes more faiths
The US Department of Defense in 2017 expanded its list of recognized religions in the United States military from just over 100 religions to 221 faith groups. The list now includes nature-themed religions and expands identity choices - Jews can state whether they're Orthodox, Conservative, or Reformed instead of merely listing their faith as Jewish. The new list makes it easier for adherents of some faith groups to get religious holidays off and travel to religious gatherings.

Lessons in Contrast

Above: The Hyatt Place hotel has brownish letters on a brown background with a light bar behind the letters.
Below: The Tile Shop

Good contrast: Yellow, orange, and red on #7 grey.
Poor contrast: #8 grey on #7 grey.

Fun thoughts to ponder
• Nighttime is actually the natural state of the universe; the only reason we have daytime is because Earth happens to be facing a giant star illuminating it.
• What if sleeping is our natural state, and we're only awake to gather information for dreams?
• Some of us are still "it" from a childhood game of tag.
• The human brain is one of the most complex things known to man . . . according to the human brain.
• Other than the end of your nose, you have never seen your face, only pictures and reflections.
• At one point in your life, your parents put you down and never picked you back up.
• There's no reason the alphabet needs to be In that order.

Which door is the better location for the sign, Please Use Other Door?

This is the building where I go for Physical Therapy (injured shoulders). The entrance is under the gable on the left, with the sign. Under the right gable is a set of double doors. It was necessary to post a sign telling first-time users to use the doors to the left. But, there are 2 doors on which to mount a sign.

The one above left is a bit better. The one above right could logically and, somewhat clearly, be pointing to the door to the immediate left, not the far left.

A pill box system with visual reminders
One of the lifestyle changes one makes upon aging is that the pile of pills taken each day grows to the point of needing some specialized pill boxes. I take about 9 pills each day - 3 in the morning and the rest with dinner. Below left is one option I found to organize and simplify which pills to take at which time of the day:

However, I wanted to make it better than just conveying when to take. I rearranged the daily boxes in the holder tray so that their position communicated visual clues for the status of the pills - taken already or not yet taken. When the tray is positioned on the shelf, the sightline shows the full box with the label facing dead-on to the viewer, the half full position moves the label away at an angle, and the empty position places the label in a tough to see horizontal position.
Concept: rotate the boxes within the base to convey different statuses of the contents. Visual reminders of pills taken so far that day.

Left to right:
• Monday morning: All boxes full, labels facing user.
• Friday morning: Mon-Thurs boxes empty, Friday-Sunday boxes full.
• Friday afternoon: Mon-Thurs boxes empty, Friday morning pills taken, box rotated up to show half empty.
• Saturday morning: Friday box empty, box rotated up more, label away from user.
• Sunday night: All boxes empty.

The Okie Ski Trail to Colorado
Thousands of Texans drive to Colorado for ski vacations. The combined population of the cities marked on the maps below is about 16 million people. There is currently no clear direct highway access from the Dallas area to the ski slopes of Colorado. To stay on a controlled-access interstate or toll road, one must go from Dallas due north to I-70 in Kansas or go due west to I-25 (or a cutoff).

A new toll road slicing at an angle from Oklahoma City directly to Pueblo Colorado would shorten the drive, take less time, and earn money for the OK Turnpike Authority.

The name and icon mark

To introduce and facilitate direction, the new road and existing highways in Texas and Oklahoma could be branded as the Okie Ski Trail. A mark to place on highway signs could be a green disk with a skier android figure inside. The green disk is familiar to skiers as denoting the easiest way down the mountain, just as the new highway provides the easiest way to the mountains.

Date of conception: 1995, while planning a road trip from OKC to Colorado.

Better button labels

This iPod speaker system (about $60 from Walgreens/CVS) has 7 identical buttons in 2 rows. With tiny text labels.
I often turn the unit on/off and change the playlists - in dim light. Absolutely impossible to decipher the button captions and I don't want to memorize them. The buttons, their labels, and their placement was not very well thought out. Poor attention to detail and poor empathy for the user.
So, I printed some new labels for only the buttons that I use - On/Off, iPod source, and Volume up and down. Better.

The logo for the Morning Edition on NPR is okay, but there are some concerns:
• Two rising suns? Don't most of us think there is just one sun?
• Rising above the horizon? The baselines of the letters form an implied horizon, but the bottoms of the suns are above that horizon.
• Fat outline sun? The sun is solid, isn't it?
The concept of representing the morning sun is valid. There is no good reason to put a 'barb' (the rising sun) in the word 'edition' - it is less significant than 'morning'.
Below are two explorations of options that address the above concerns - one centered and one justified forming an implied box. At the bottom is another existing version that is set on one line and a better one on the right.

Pesky shapes that don't belong

Notice how those triangles of black along the bottoms of the letters are a bit annoying? Or they should be. Designers can now easily improve the clarity of the typography - there is no longer a reason to ever say, "That's the way it came back from the typesetter." (That was a common excuse in the old days).
Setting type in outline fonts requires a bit of extra finesse - it is up to the designer to check for those pesky captured blobs and take care of them. Fill in the captured spaces or explore different point sizes for the fill and the stroke.

An example of a better sign that has an outline font
This is at an entrance to a hospital, often where frantic worried people are looking for help. Notice that the most important word on the sign below is the hardest to read. At least it's in red.

A better sign below right and some of the issues that have been addressed:
• Set the copy flush left for items that direct to the left and flush right for directing to the right.
• Moved arrows to the flush margin of each side. Now they visually help communicate direction.
• Removed the stems on the arrows (info is conveyed by the arrowhead, not the stem).
• Enlarged the arrows.
• Tightened the leading for locations that take up 2 lines to improve proximity and clarity.
• Enlarged point size and increased the kerning of the outline font.
More examples and suggestions at Sign Design.

Thoughtful placement of a door sign

Kudos to whoever mounted these restroom signs. He/she considered the user's line of sight, especially as they walked down this hall seeking the restroom. Instead of placing the 'Men' placard in the middle of the door (as is normally done), here they moved it to the left which allows it to be seen while one approaches the door, rather than waiting until one is upon the door.

A better way to respect the desperate customer

I was on my way to the restroom at some C-store on I-70 between Illinois and West Virginia. There was this great Restrooms sign over the hallway - it was easily visible from the front door. Nice job! I headed down the hall, but didn't know where the Men's room was until almost in front of the doors. So much clearer and easier to navigate if there had been signs posted on that back wall. So simple and so effective. More on Sign Design.

Insects rule the world, but they don't talk about it.
The reason the ocean is salty is because fish and animals have been peeing in it since before there was even time.
The more money you have, the less you pay attention to plants and birds.
If you are really sad, go outside and you will feel better after about an hour.

New symbol to designate restrooms for transgendered people.

Right: The women symbol was, all along, wearing a superwoman cape.

Symbol with the same but different meaning

Left: Existing symbol for handicapped/disabled.
Middle: A more human android figure in this new symbol that better conveys motion, action, and ability, rather than disability.
Right: Jim's improved version - the angle of the blue bar through the white wheel is parallel to the angle of the upper arm, and the racing motion has been softened some by making the front leg parallel to the blue box.
More on Symbol Design

Tweaking the GEICO logo a bit

This logo - that we've seen in numerous television and print ads - is almost there. There is a strong penchant to be symmetrical with 4 massive letters and a thin letter right in the middle. But, as shown in these images:

the left side is not quite the same as the right. The version below is better - the E now better matches the G C O with rounded corners. The symmetry, unity, and consistency of the masses is improved and the kerning between the letters is more comfortable - a bit more breathing room and respect for the letterstrokes and the counters.

Update to the essay on better Museum Hours

Update to the essay on making Starbucks better
All 4 app screens can fit into one:

It's not Trump, he is temporary.
It's a citizenry riddled with ignorance, hate, misdirected anger,
and lack of critical thinking skills that is the problem.
And the consequences of that will last a lot longer than one presidency.

From Lance Sievert, January 2017

Yes, Donald J Trump is an absolutely horrible human being, with few of the attributes the country needs in a president. But, he's just a self-centered jerk - he's not the main problem - he's a symptom of the problem: the almost 30% of Americans who voted for and still support him. Donald Trump will be out of office in 4-8 years, the 30% will still be here. Those are the ones we need to address.
What might help:
• Teach, encourage, and support critical thinking skills.
• Help people become more secure and more confident; less fearful.
• Remove religion from politics. Completely. That will enhance progress in abortion rights, discrimination, military funding, the death penalty, drug legalization, better science education, human rights, immigration reform, global tension, and more.
We all know people who are Trump supporters. But, we give many of them a free ride - they are friends, coworkers, and family. It's tough to tell these people that their insecurity, fear, and superstition is causing the downfall of the America we once knew. But, at some point, we may need to confront those closest to us if we want to save some of the good of America.

Signs seen around Lawrence Kansas in response to the Trump immigrant ban

A new product for the New America

Nike has become the first major manufacturer to make a hijab for Muslim athletes.
“It basically feels like you're not wearing anything, but at the same time, you're still covered, able to respect your faith, and do sports the way you like,” says Haddad, a Muslim athlete.
A global brand making a sports hijab is about much more than just comfort while competing. “It's a game changer - it can spread awareness, compassion, and more understanding of what the Muslim community is all about.” The hijab is already being worn by Emirati figure skater Zahra Lari. "I was thrilled and a bit emotional to see Nike prototyping a Hijab," Lari said. "I was blown away by the fit and the light weight."
The head cover, called the Nike Pro Hijab, has a single-layer pull-on design made from lightweight polyester in dark, neutral colors. The fabric's tiny holes make it breathable while remaining opaque, a requirement for hijab-wearing women. Nike began developing the hijab after some Muslim athletes complained about wearing a traditional head scarf during competition. The design process took 13 months, and the final product will be available in Spring 2018.

Better Pixelogic solutions

After I solved the puzzle Old Fashioned Tv, I thought it looked more like a microwave oven than a TV. I had to make it better. I did and sent it in - they published it a few weeks later.
Below: Snowsim saw the moon in Good Night and had to redo that one, too, with a title that expresses his/her frustration:

Some slightly better definitions
• Coffee: the person upon whom one coughs.
• Flabbergasted: appalled over how much weight you have gained.
• Abdicate: to give up all hope of ever having a flat stomach.
• Negligent: describes a condition in which you absentmindedly answer the door in your nightgown.
• Flatulence: A smelly British apartment.
• Balderdash: a rapidly receding hairline.
• Rectitude: the formal, dignified bearing adopted by proctologists.
• Pokemon: a Rastafarian proctologist.
• Oyster: a person who sprinkles his conversation with Yiddishisms.
• Circumvent: an opening in the front of boxer shorts
Source: somewhere on the internet.

A better Oscar announcement card

Warren Beatty was handed the wrong envelope for Best Picture. If the card inside the envelope were clearer - better typography and logical hierarchy, Beatty (or any person) would have more likely caught the mistake. Designer Brandon Jameson (with additional tweaks from Jim Watson) redesigned the Oscars award card to more reasonable specifications.
The existing card, designed by PricewaterhouseCoopers - the accounting firm that keeps the winners secret, is topped by the Oscars logo, which is a superfluous waste of space - and, it's the biggest element on the page! The winning film is listed below, centered and in quotes. That's a little too subtle, as the winner is the same size and weight as a long list of names that follows. And the category - Best Picture - is listed in tiny type at the bottom, underneath a line that looks like a blank waiting to be filled in.

Above right: Better. The category is at the top, in thin sans serif letters. "Putting the category in large type at the top assures the presenter they have the correct card, and cues them to what they're going to say," says Jameson. "But the category type is lighter weight, so even though it's larger, it doesn't steal any thunder from the winner's name, which is bolder than anything else on the card."
The text of the winner is now bold, larger, and without unnecessary quotes. To make it even more prominent, all the names beneath are U&lc, ensuring there's less of a chance to blend the two as one block of text. The Oscars logo is at the bottom and smaller. "I hate unnecessary logo placement, and this one was taking up valuable real estate on the card."
These changes make the results clear as day - and more importantly, obvious if you'd been handed the wrong card. The Academy Awards illustrate how subtle design changes can help prevent a very specific human error. "The people reading these cards are sometimes older, they've probably been drinking, and they're in the spotlight in front of their peers delivering some of the most important industry information of the year - these cards should be bulletproof," says Jameson. And as we now know, if someone makes a mistake, absolutely everyone will notice.

Why didn't they learn from the Miss Universe Pageant?
A few minutes after announcing Miss Colombia as the winner of the pageant, the show's host Steve Harvey walked back on stage. He interrupted Miss Colombia, who waving to the crowd in her new crown and sash with flowers in hand. "Okay folks, uh..." Harvey said. "I have to apologize. The first runner-up is Colombia. Miss Universe 2015 is Philippines!"
After a few awkward minutes, both Miss Colombia and Miss Philippines stood at the front of the stage. Another Miss Universe worker came out, took the crown off Miss Colombia's head (Miss Universe 2015 for 3 minutes), and placed it on Miss Philippines'.

"Folks, let me just take control of this," Harvey tried to explain. "This is exactly what's on the card," he said, holding it up for the cameras. "I will take responsibility for this. It was my mistake. It was on the card. Horrible mistake, but the right thing. I can show it to you right here," he said pointing to the card (with very small print). "The first runner-up is Colombia. Still a great night. Please don't hold this against the ladies. We feel so badly but it's still a great night."

A few simple improvements
• Arrows to guide the reader.
• All 3 levels aligned.
• Larger point sizes.
• Spelled out Second and First to avoid a glance at number 1 or 2.
• Winner name located more prominently - look how far down on the card it was on the original.

Where I sit on the political chart

Improving the awkward skewed app for the Oklahoman
Boy, that angle looks silly - and for conservative right-wing media. I wrote them and commended them for the new app that shows the site now leans to the left. I thought that would fix it immediately, but no response at all. On the right - 2 versions, straightened out and with a better flag, and the full name.

A better arrangement of columns and info

In the far right improved QuakeFeed app, the earthquake intensity is listed first and right next to the city location. The date and time info are on one line to allow compression of info to fit more incidents on one screen (less scrolling). People access the app to learn, "Dang, how big was that one? And how close was it?" The arrangement better respects the desires of the user.
• Design from the user's point of view, not the client nor the designer.
• Minimal scrolling and swiping speeds access and eases use.

Why make this more difficult than necessary?

This Zoe's Kitchen restraunt is open from 11a - 9p. On NYE, they will be closed from 8p - 10p (but they close at 9p anyway - will they reopen at 10p?). It would be clearer if it just said We will close at 8p on Saturday, December 31, New Year's Eve. Or maybe not make it confusing and just open regular hours, instead of closing just 1 hour early.
Also, they will be open regular hours on Sunday, New Year's Day. That is a plus - that should be promoted on the sign.

Refreshing graphics for a QSR (fast food) restraunt

Picture in your mind the graphics for any other QSR (Quick Service Restraunt) and see how exciting it is to see the fresh look for Starbird. Somewhat of a Swiss Style with flush left text, sans serif type, and open layouts.
From their website: Starbird's mission is to innovate and revolutionize a tired restaurant industry with purposeful and dynamic concepts. We believe in fixing the bad parts of fast food from the inside out. We're creating a world where opportunities in the restaurant industry are the path to a better future, where our restaurants empower the communities they serve and where our version of “fast food” breeds positivity and joy. Starbird is the first concept, with a mission to reimagine fast food all across America.
The Starbird website. Spelling restraunt.

Another ordering sheet that needed help.

Tough to decipher and read on the left. Middle: sketch. Right: Better version.
Read about a similar better order bag for WhichWich sandwiches.

The absolute worst color for a urinal screen

This is better:

Which urinal would you avoid:

The wrong place to mount a store's hours sign

A new CVS drug store opened nearby. But, the sign denoting the hours of operation could be in a better place - one that better respects the needs of their customers.
When do we need to read the Hours sign? Most often, when the store is closed. When it's open, we just walk right in - the doors are even automatic - they open up for us as we approach.

Scenario: One gets to the doors and they don't open. Is the store closed? They look for the posted hours. Since the customer is standing right in front of the doors, he/she looks to the right, then to the left, but no sign is visible.
The Hours sign is currently located at A below. If it is moved to location B, it would be visible from the front doors. It would be to the right, where most people are likely to look first.
Lesson: See through the eyes of the user. Not the sign installer.

Above: Where the sign is currently located. Below: A better location for the sign:

Unappealing email newsletter and how to make it better

I get this email newsletter, Times Insider, each week. All I see on the screen is a standard format old-school letter. Not appealing nor does it pique my interest. Click, Delete. Done.
Instead of a letter that I don't want to read (who does?), they could easily jump right to the lead story - the headline and the visual are much more interesting.
The letter is ego-driven - the editor tells us what she likes and is putting in this issue. Does the reader care who the editor is and how she introduces stories? Old-School Journalism - copy to read linearly. Today's readers scan, they jump to what is appealing. Repeat: letters of text only are no longer appealing.
Below: Because of the useless letter and the large photo, look how far down the reader must scroll to get to the first headline. More about design in the NY Times.

Better email newsletters - less ego
I support what this organization does - the Richard Dawkins Foundation. But the regular email (left below) I get from them looks like a letter (and an appeal for donations). I didn't realize until after the first few emails that there were interesting stories below the letter. The editor, Robyn, puts her picture and an intro to the stories first in the email newsletter. That is just a bit too much ego (like, who cares?) I also question the value of the letter - it just repeats what is in the stories that follow. The newsletter should be about stories, not the editor. Why not just get right to the info? We each get so much stuff in our Inbox - I appreciate those items that provide clear info with easy access. Which example below looks more enticing to read?

Below is another email newsletter link - this one from The New York Times. The intro letter just lists the stories below. Useless information. It seems both of these editors have some ego issues (they like to see their name in print) and both are from old-school Journalism - today's reader scans to topics of interest. We do not want to read letters with no useful info in them.

Below: From an organization that wants to restore the USA National Motto to E Pluribus Unum. The email posts are visually overwhelmed by the big black box with redundant information. It becomes so dominant, its tough to see the lead story headline. I softened up the box (blue on white) and reduced it. And made some other tweaks. I emailed them and included the two images above and told them to use the suggestions as they wished.
Their reply: Thanks for the suggestion. We think we will make a change.

Student Union map with the Basement at the top, 4th floor at the bottom.

Existing: Above left. Above right: Rearrange floors to be logical and familiar.
Below left: Better: Move maps to left and text legends flush left next to them. Below right: Best: Enlarge maps and place them next to their floor legends.

Nice job of incorporating numbers within text

A better Walmart app: no scrolling - 2 screens into 1

On the Walmart app home screen, the user has to scroll to access all the options. i use Walmart Pay and can't even find the icon on the home screen - I have to scroll down.
The screen has a lot of wasted space, the layout is too open, and there is not enough visual hierarchy to guide the user. Improvements (image above right):
1. Enlarged Sign In text/button.
2. Tightened rows of text/Icons so all info fits on one screen - no need to scroll.
3. Moved labels closer to their image icons.
4. Enlarged the Walmart Pay icon.
5. Separated the main categories with Walmart blue lines.
More on app design.

Good example of bad text copy on a sign
This sign was at the airport security checkpoint where travelers move into the concourse.
1. Personnel Sounds like government or military jargon. I doubt the general flying public thinks of themselves as personnel.
2. Main exit Why would anyone know which exits are main and which are secondary? We entered one way and we want to exit another way.
3. To the west Have you been in airport? After a ride to the airport or parking your car, walking through hallways, up to counters, and through security lines, do people really know which way is west? Doubt it. Nor do they care.
4. The copy has a Prohibited or No symbol over it, thereby suggesting all the copy is wrong.
This is a great example of design from the inside out - from the viewpoint of the TSA person in charge of putting up a sign. To that person, the copy makes perfect sense - he/she is 'personnel', they know which exit is the 'main' one, and they know where west is.
Most important lesson: See through the eyes of the user, not the designer.

A very simple way to make this procedure easier

This is the scale at the Heart Hospital check-in area. Notice that the digital readout is mounted directly above the scale. That means when the patient steps on the scale his/her body is right in front of the readout. Each time I am there, the nurse makes awkward contortions around me to read my weight. Some even set their clipboard on top of that machine on the right. Also, each time, I mention to the nurse how much easier it would be for everyone if the readout was moved over so that both the patient and nurse could easily see it (proposal above right). And, each time, I get lame excuses, "That's the way they built it." "That's not my job." (just nervous chuckles). Two problems here:
1. The mounting of the readout with no consideration for the users (lack of empathy).
2. The I-don't-give-a-fuck attitude of the nurses.

What letters are these?

I can't get past the letter A - it's quite strong for AA. Or, maybe RR.
But, I guess those are the letter D - the entity is Death with Dignity. And what is that arc bridge-like thing?

Great news - Death with Dignity tweaked their logo:

They saw the light - those marks were not being read as Ds. Now, maybe they will pay some attention to the text type. Above right: the throwaway 'with' has more weight and is paired with 'Death' - now there are two lines just as there are two D marks - and the text respects the Ds by aligning to the arc:

A better layout for elevator buttons
Buttons on an elevator panel should be placed in a composition that is orderly, logical, and intuitive. Lower floors should be towards the bottom and the numbers should increase as their location rises on the panel. Rather than in horizontal rows (like pancakes with maple syrup stacked on a plate), buttons in vertical columns are more like the floors in a building. The user wants to travel up or down, not left or right.

Typically, button placement seems random and not very well thought out from the user's PoV (all design should be built from the user's PoV, always.) From the reference point (usually the Lobby), the user looks up to find their floor, or down if leaving the building. Intuitive, "I want to go up."
Complete essay with fotos and examples.

Better Emergency and Information button placement

Walking through the subway station, I noticed this call box mounted on a column. The lettering was easy enough to read, but the buttons weren't quite right. It seemed there might be two options, but it wasn't very clear. Was it one button for Emergency Information or two buttons - one for Emergency and another for Information. As I studied it more closely, I saw the second button below the word Information. Two distinct options. There are 3 problems:
• The Info button does not stand out and can be easily overlooked, especially from a distance or if in panic mode.
• The info button is green. Blue is the standard color for Information on signage.
• The text word labels are not in proximity to their buttons (the red button is closer to Information than it is to Emergency).
On the right, above, is a revised version with a green info button and the labels moved closer to their respective buttons. Below: side by side comparisons:
Lesson: Proximity is an important design guideline - position related elements in close proximity to each other.

Wisdom from somebody's online post
The main reason “In God We Trust” should neither be a national motto nor put on money is that it is just not true. Even the most devout believers wear seatbelts, take out insurance, wear guns for protection; they even put lightning rods on churches. Why would you do any of that if you really trusted in God? It is funny when police or fire departments put decals with the motto on their cars. The mere existence of their jobs is proof that they don’t really trust in God.

A better message and graphic for distracted driving

Don't text & drive is a bit too demanding and abrupt. It falls short of educating drivers what to do (Just say no was also a bit too abbreviated. Okay, after saying no, then what?) I saw a phrase, Call or text later. Nice and simple. But, still not satisfactory for an important or timely message received while driving.

The media campaign to not text and drive doesn't offer an alternative, instructions on what one can do to minimize distracted driving. Pull over, Stop, and Talk/Text is a positive action that allows the driver to accomplish a task. The only downside is the driver may arrive at a destination a few seconds later. The upside is more alert drivers: less sitting when the light turns green, less easing into another lane, less slamming into cars in front.

Full essay

Another brilliant idea

New York State has introduced 'Texting Zones' along its major highways and thruways - pullout stops where drivers can read, write, and send texts, phone calls, and emails. Governor Andrew Cuomo said 298 signs will be positioned along the state's busiest roads, pointing drivers to 91 Texting Zone locations. The zones will cost nothing to build as they already exist in the form of rest stops and parking areas. It's really all about the signage, branding the locations, and educating drivers.

More, maybe all, drinking fountains should have bottle fillers

Above is the bottle filler fountain at O'Hare Airport. More people are carrying empty bottles through TSA and then filling them before boarding. Nice thoughtful move by the airport for the traveler's convenience. With the proliferations of water bottles, disposable and refillable, at the gym, at work and school, in cars, and while hiking; there should be a better way to refill them rather than having to hold them under the low spigot used for sipping. Better: two separate spigots so that 2 people can use the fountain at the same time, one drinking and one filling.
An outdoor fountain seen in Colorado with 3 spigots - sipping, filling, and dog lapping:

Be careful when setting type with thin letter strokes

They often just drop out and are very tough to read. Saw the promo card above in a coffee shop. Even closer, it is still hard to read.

The two most important keys to solving design problems effectively
Great design is concept-driven; based on a great idea. Without one, a 'solution' is just decoration, embellishment, art.
Empathy. Point-of-view. See, think, and act from the target audience's point of view. Not from the client nor designer.

A better way to leave a tip from those who don't carry cash

So many of us no longer carry cash - but how do we leave a tip for street musicians and subway entertainers? Sometimes I stash a dollar or two in my pocket. But, this is a better way. Visa has introduced a 'social experiment' entitled StreetTaps. To display the capabilities of digital payments, the BBDO ad agency installed digital payment terminals allowing street musicians in public parks to accept tips from mobile phones. It can be preset, usually for one dollar - so, a tap charges or debits your account $1.00. StreetTaps is still in the works, but the DipJar is currently being used:

Just dip your card and $1.00 (or $2, whatever was preset) is deducted. No receipt, no buttons, no input - just dip and go.

The final version has no void to collect coin and bill tips. They may have discovered that coins would get stuck in the card slot or that bills covered up the card swipe. Below: another example of the DipJar in use, at the 9/11 Memorial in NYC:

More info at the DipJar website

Why do so many web and app sites still cling to old-school journalism?
The story below was on some news feed. The headline was intriguing - funny PortAPotty stories. When I click on the link, I want to begin reading the stories. Instead, the author felt a need to bore us with an intro story about how shit stinks. And this crap: "What follows are six of the funniest, most disgusting, and horrifying real stories we could find." Yes, we got all of that just by reading the headline. No need to repeat it.

Look how much junk there is to scroll through (3.5 screens) before getting to the disgusting stories. Without the junk, the reader would see the first story on the first screen (below). This is a different era in info consumption. Give us the info, skip the flowery j-class crap.

Flashback to the 1950s or We still have a ways to go.

Left: 1957: one of the Little Rock Nine walking away from school after she had been turned away. The woman on the left is yelling slurs at her. Right: 2016: jeers at a Negro woman being turned away at a Donald Trump rally.

The below shirt was being sold by the Oklahoma County Republican Party at their booth at the Oklahoma State Fair. Repeat: Pro (in favor of) God, Life, Guns.

Donald Trump is not much more than a cartoon parody of a delusional Savior. Below: Shaking hands with His Highness at the OK State Fair, Friday, September 25, 2015

How to make the new Met logo even better

Above: The former logo for The Metropolitan Museum of Art (everybody refers to it as the Met) in New York City featured a drafting rendered letter M. But, as The Met moved its modern art collection into the former Whitney Museum building, the former logo would no longer be appropriate. There needed to be a new brand to better convey the new Met. A logo with images would be tough - how could they represent such a vast collection spanning thousands of years and hundreds of styles and genres of art with just one or a few visuals?
In early 2016, The Met introduced a new logo - conjoined letters that "connect the past with the future." The museum's VP of Marketing says, “The Met represents over 5,000 years of art, from all over the world; at Fifth Avenue, the Breuer, and the Cloisters. This notion of trying to make the connections - it was what drove the look of the logo.” The conjoined letters connect the past with the future. But, that concept could/should be carried a step farther - to not only connect the letters horizontally, but also vertically. Connecting the past with future in a linear timeline and connecting the depth of the collection into a single entity.

Left: New existing logo. Right: Improved version:
• Letters touch vertically as well as horizontally.
• The thick stroke of the H aligns above the thick stroke of the lower E.
• Serifs are vertical, not slanted or skewed to respect the verticality of the thick letter strokes.
• Thin lines in the font are a bit thicker to better relate to the thick strokes and provide more strength to the logo.
• The 'barbs' of the missing serifs on the Ts remain for increased memorability.
• The left and right margins align, forming a better frame.
The revised mark is more orderly, more cohesive, and more connected (which is the main design concept).
Lesson: Figure out the strength of the piece, exploit that and minimize the rest.

Full story of a better Met logo   More on Logo Design

Making the Starbucks app better: 4 pages into 1

The user taps PAY on the black home screen - a new page opens and the user must tap PAY again to get to the code for scanning at the register. The 4 pages above can easily fit onto one page (below). Now, all the pay tasks are seen on one screen. Easier to understand, easier to use, and quicker to access.

A better way to lay out an app screen - no scrolling
The Bank of America app almost gets all the info on one screen, but not quite. There is no need to devote a quarter of the available area to an unnecessary stock photo of NYC. More on app design.

Another example, from the app for The Week:

Above left: reader must swipe copy up to continue reading. Right: all text copy fits on the screen.
Solution: Delete unused white space to tighten up blocks of info - decrease the amount of scrolling.

A better way: all the same info, with the important info on a single home screen. More on app design

A better way to align answers on Family Feud

Above: Copy set in the traditional flush left layout. And, yes, her husband got 182 points out of 200. She only needed to get 18 points to win the jackpot, but her answers were so off that she didn't earn any additional points. So sad for her. Below: setting the copy so the answers respect their points earned by aligning to a central margin:

More on typographic design.

Rubes by Leigh Rubin

A better way to align a list

This was a newspaper insert for a pizza chain. The list of locations in the center wasted lots of space and was a bit tough to use effectively. Improvements:
• Phone numbers closer to location
• Larger point size for better readability
• Fewer unnecessary marks: ( " .
• Less info in locations - deleted W, St, Ave.
• More consistent setting of Oklahoma City SW & NW
• Better spacing within coupons
• Larger logos inside coupons

Of course, restraunts should charge for water

We pay nothing for a cup of water but about 2 bucks for soda and the only difference is a small bit of flavoring.
Why should we expect others to subsidize our choice of drink? Of course, we should be charged for water. Full essay
(And that is how I spell restraunt. More info.)

How graphics in The New York Times Magazine could be improved

A regular feature in the magazine is a poll of the readers. This poll question was Do you sing in the shower? But, that isn't what was in the headline - Are you a bathroom singer? A bathroom singer is different from singing in the shower. If the headline is accurate, there is no need to repeat the question at the end of the body copy. The regular reader knows this feature reports the results from a poll. I suspect most don't read the copy - they read the question and view the results.
Improvements (below)
• Changed the headline to be more accurate and clearer.
• Deleted the unnecessary repeat of the question in the copy.
• Reset the text copy with a narrower column width.
• Enlarged the result captions to be easier to read.
• Put the results in ascending order and aligned, not a random placement.

How to make a video look worse, and better
Often, I see videos that don't fill the allotted space so some poster adds some side bands, often just repeated, blurred, enlarged, or distorted versions of the central image. But, those options just make the total image more complex and cluttered and compete with the video content for attention. Maybe it would be better to add solid grey bands, or a color that respects the video background, to fill the space.

Good news: the OKC MOA logo has been improved.
Saw the new version (below right) in the fall of 2015 - it has been tweaked a bit. No more awkward K nor annoying spacing. The kerning has been improved and Museum of Art is slightly bolder.

Below are some iterations of the logo for the museum store.

There's always a better way. Below right: I tweaked it a bit more - made the Os and the C more consistent, improved alignment and spacing, enlarged the baseline of text, decreased word spacing in the text, and removed the unnecessary period after the W. More OKC Art Museum of Art design improvements.

The Thunder logo is no longer the worst sports logo in Oklahoma. Yay.

Tweaking the OKC Dodgers logo: Enlarged and aligned Oklahoma City, Enlarged Dodgers, and made the top row of bricks more consistent with the other rows.

Tweaking the Rayo OKC logo: This simple addition makes the logo work much better:

Sports logos in North Texas
All the men's teams logos include a Lone Star (or two).

A better logo for the NYC team in the new National Women's Hockey League

The logo for the New York City team, The Riveters, is based on the classic Rosie the Riveter image from the Westinghouse poster by J. Howard Miller. (The name, Rosie, came from Norman Rockwell's iconic painting for the cover of the Saturday Evening Post).

As always, there is a better way. The logo starts with a decent concept - the strong woman from a familiar and recognizable image vowing she can do it. The grey text with rivets along its structure and the plaque/shield border enhance the Riveters name. But, it needs some minor tweaking:

• Moved the grey border between the fist and head to go straight across, rather than at that awkward angle.
• Enlarged the red background rectangle to better balance the flesh elbow mass and better frame the Riveters line of type.
• Better kerned the V and T in Riveters - tightened them up which pulled that line in so the lower outer corners don't break out of the background shape.

Stating the day with the date is better

I got this letter from Mercy Clinic about some info sessions for Medicare. But, only the date was given, not the day of the week. Stating only a date is inconsiderate to the reader - especially in this case, many recipients are retired and not on a routine schedule. In any case, the reader must then question, "What day is that?"
Great designers respect the reader enough to not make them work - just give them the day. Improvements to the info in the Mercy letter (shown below):
• Can see at a glance that there are 6 sessions, not 3.
• Can see easily that sessions are on Monday and Thursday.
• Aligned the times for easier scanning down the column.
• Don't need all those pesky periods after a, p, and m.
• Separated the days and dates from the location.
• Provided a better description of the location.

Complete essay and more info about including the day with the date.

Here's why I am strongly opposed to the death penalty - it should be abolished nation-wide:
The fallibility of government: "Point to a single government program that works flawlessly. It is a human-run program - how many innocent people are you willing to execute?” Marc Hyden of Conservatives Concerned About the Death Penalty. website
Putting someone to death is more expensive than keeping them in prison with appeals and lawyers and trials.
There's strong data challenging whether the threat of execution is truly a deterrent for criminals.
Some research questions whether families of victims benefit in any measurable way from seeing a perpetrator put to death.
For the pro-life believer: Should a God-fearing society be empowering the government to execute its citizens?
Death ends the suffering for the perp, who goes to sleep peacefully. The victim's families suffer for the rest of their lives.

Numerous religions are represented in the US Military. This is not a Christian nation.

This graphic mark seems to send the wrong message

This is from an ad campaign to decrease drinking and driving in Oklahoma.

Above: Existing, with the letters filling up with beer (or scotch or whiskey).
Below: Another option, with letters emptying of beer and without those useless horizontal white lines. But, I'm just not sure which one, or either, is appropriate for the message. The concept is not about drinking less or finishing your drink. It's about not drinking at all when driving. While the existing option sends the wrong message, the other one might say to finish your beer before driving.

A better way to check out

This happens too often, at too many stores - the cashier can't find or reach the UPC code on the package with the scan gun. He/she or the customer has to wrestle the object in position so the gun can reach it to scan the code. In the above example, the code is buried and hidden in the very lower right wrinkles. The cashier has to take the bag out of the cart to access the code.

The solution is so simple
Print 4 UPC codes - one in each upper corner, front and back of the bag. Then, no matter how the customer places the bag in the cart, the cashier can easily find it and the scan gun can reach it.
• Negatives: there are none - no additional cost.
• Positives: Great additional convenience - faster and easier checkout. Better for the cashier, the customer, and the people in line behind the customer.
Below left: Existing top of the bag. Right: Better.

A trendy resurgence of the barbed quatrefoil shape
The quatrefoil is a decorative framework consisting of a symmetrical shape of four partially overlapping circles of the same diameter. The word quatrefoil means "four leaves" as in a rose or four-leaf clover. The symbol shape reached peak popularity during the Renaissance era and in Gothic architecture, where a quatrefoil may be seen at the top of a Gothic arch, sometimes filled with stained glass. It's probable that it has roots in Islamic architecture. The barbed quatrefoil (2nd & 3rd below) is a quatrefoil pierced at the angles by the points of an inscribed square, which gives an image of a rose - "barbed" due to the thorns which project at the intersection of each pair of petals. The earliest example of the barbed quatrefoil appears on the south transept buttresses of 1260 in the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.

The current trendy shapes, modified quatrefoils, are popular and soon to be subject to overuse. We'll see how it shakes out in design history.

Thanks to Amy Hurley and Wikipedia for the info.

Bill Nye's Life Advice

What's the best advice you've ever received?
"Everybody you ever meet knows something you don't." A cab driver told me that, 30 years ago, and I'm reminded of it every single day.
What did you learn from your dad, who was a prisoner of war in WWII?
My father and mother emphasized two things: Every person is responsible for his or her own actions, and, to the best of your ability, leave the world better than you found it. That's why I say that sometimes you've got to pick up other people's trash. Just because somebody else filled the atmosphere with carbon dioxide is no reason not to address the problem. We're all in this together.
You've publicly debated creationists. What's your philosophy about engaging people who willfully deny scientific evidence?
You know that guy is not going to change his mind no matter what happens. Evidence is not that compelling for him. A key question that was posed to us was, "What, if anything, would change your mind?" And I went on about "well, if the speed of light is not the speed of light; if you can show that the microwave radiation from the big bang was from something else." My opponent said nothing would change his mind. Nothing. Evidence doesn't matter to that guy or his followers.
Does religion play any role in your life?
Not anymore. I read the Bible twice when I was in my twenties. Then I realized the people who wrote it knew nothing of people in China. They knew nothing of first Americans. They were just playing the hand they were dealt. Also, women are not treated very well in the Bible. It made me skeptical of the whole thing. I gave it a shot, I really did. I'm pretty confident that humans made the whole thing up. Seriously. But when it comes to "is there a God or not?" I'm the first to point out you can't know. I'm agnostic. You can't prove there's a God or not. I accept that. Some people find that very troubling. I find it empowering and cool.

Wisdom from cyberspace
Telling your kid they were born a "sinner" and that some monster called the devil is always chasing them to get them to do bad things; and if they don't choose to follow the "good guy" then the "good guy" himself will burn them in hell for all eternity - that is psychological child abuse. It's questionable parenting to think this mental intrusion on a kid's tender little mind is even remotely positive. This threat is only ok to you in the context of god doing it, but let some sick mind threaten to burn your kid in the basement and you'd be ready to get a shot gun and protect your kid. Why are people unable to see how horrible it is to teach your kid someone will burn them forever if they don't believe a myth?
Raze Pinter, Facebook

Valuable lesson from the late 1970s

For fun, when I was in my 20s, I enrolled in Intro to Interior Design at EastField College in Dallas. The matronly instructor who spoke with an air of authority and respect discussed priorities. A sofa or chair with a bright busy print might look great in the showroom, in a catalog, or even in the living room - but imagine what will happen when a guest with a busy print, striped, or colorful dress sits on that sofa. Not so great anymore.

Take a look at Andrew Lloyd Webber at some Red Carpet opening event. Poor choice for a backdrop (or a shirt):

Her lesson: the people in the room are the most important design elements in a space. Design around them, not despite of them.
That has stuck with me for decades - the users are the most important design element, not color, shape, placement, typography; but, the people that will benefit from the piece.

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